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Resources

Battery University

Battery University is the most comprehensive introduction to different battery technologies and their various applications on the web.

USGS National Minerals Information Center

The USGS National Minerals Information Center is a crucial source of public information about chemicals and metals used in batteries, including where they are mined, how they are refined, and how these resource flows have changed over time.

Benchmark Mineral Intelligence

Benchmark Mineral Intelligence is a consulting firm monitoring the economics and structure of the battery supply chain. Although full access to their information is by subscription, what is available publicly is very interesting.

European Association for Advanced Rechargeable Batteries

The European Association for Advanced Rechargeable Batteries is a clearinghouse for policy related issues pertaining to batteries in the European Union.

Rechargeable Battery Association

The Rechargeable Battery Association is a clearinghouse for policy related issues pertaining to rechargeable batteries worldwide.

Call2Recycle

In North America, Call2Recycle has been at the forefront of efforts to expand extended producer responsibility programs for batteries.

Product Stewardship Institute

The Product Stewardship Institute is a non-profit organization that has been instrumental in expanding support for extended producer responsibility in North America.

California Product Stewardship Council

The California Product Stewardship Council is a non-profit organization that has been instrumental in expanding support for extended producer responsibility in North America.

Upstream

Upstream is a non-profit organization that has been instrumental in expanding support for extended producer responsibility in North America.